January 2, 2020
January 2, 2020
If you’re using Hostinger service, chances are, you have come across the DNS Zone Editor in your hPanel. But what is it and what does it do? This article will answer your questions and teach you how to use it, so keep on reading!
Simply put, DNS or Domain Name System is a system that translates domain names into IP addresses. When you enter an address, a request is sent to the domain’s name servers, and the servers will retrieve the IP address from its DNS record.
When you need to, DNS records can be created or modified using the control panel’s DNS Zone Editor. For instance, you need to edit those records when you want to switch web hosts or point your domain to another address.
Read on to discover how to edit various types of DNS records using Hostinger’s DNS Zone Editor.
Upon entering the Hostinger’s DNS Zone Editor, you can see that there are various DNS record types you can edit, add and remove. In this section, we will cover all the available ones in our system and how to modify them.
A Records are the most basic DNS Records that are used to point a domain or subdomain to an IP Address. However, A Records only point to IPv4 addresses.
Let’s take a look at some of the examples below:
You can see that there are two listings in our Hostinger’s DNS Zone Editor: ftp and naked (@) domain. These records will point ftp.example.com and example.com to an IP address of 18.104.22.168. If you want to point one domain or subdomain to various IP addresses, simply add an A Record entry with the same hostname but with a different IP address.
To create a new A Record, simply click Add New and fill the required fields:
After you input all the required information, hit Create to save the entry.
CNAME, short for Canonical Name, is a commonly used DNS Record to make one particular domain as an alias for another domain. This makes it possible to have multiple addresses pointing to one IP address without having to create an A record for each domain.
Let’s say you have an A record that points avg.yourdomain.com to 22.214.171.124. If you want average.yourdomain.com and median.yourdomain.com to point to the same IP address, just add two CNAME records that assign those domains as the aliases for avg.yourdomain.com.
Thanks to this system, if you ever need to change the IP address, simply edit the A record for avg.yourdomain.com and the aliases will follow suit.
Creating a CNAME record works similarly to making other records in the Hostinger’s DNS Zone Editor. The small differences are the values you put in the Host and Points to fields:
MX, also known as Mail Exchanger, specifies the mail server responsible for receiving emails sent to your domain.
Aside from Host and TTL, there are two other fields that you must enter when creating a new MX record:
A TXT record is a DNS entry that holds text information for sources outside of your domain.
Common examples of TXT records are Sender Policy Framework (SPF) and DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM). Both records are used to secure email exchanges from spoofing or phishing attempts. The first one works by specifying the IP addresses or hostnames that are permitted to send messages on behalf of a domain, while the latter authenticates emails by adding cryptographic signatures to messages.
By default, an SPF record is already created when you open the Hostinger’s DNS Zone Editor. It is identified by the v=spf1 tag within the TXT value.
If you want to create a new TXT record, click Add New and fill the required fields. However, the information will vary depending on the entry you want to make:
The AAAA record is quite similar to the A record we previously covered. But instead of pointing to an IPv4 address, it allows you to point your domain to an IPv6 one.
By default, this record is left blank in Hostinger’s DNS Zone editor since most internet service providers (ISPs) and internet routers haven’t supported IPv6 yet.
Name servers store authoritative DNS server records of a domain and are responsible for translating the user-friendly name to an IP address. There are at least two name servers for each domain, one serves as a backup when the other is down.
This is the record you need to edit when you want to switch web hosts.
SRV is a record in the Domain Name System that specifies the server location of various services to establish a connection with them. Just like the AAAA record, this one is empty by default.
The required information for this record is similar to others, with some differences:
It’s important to have CAA records to prevent the wrong certificates from being issued. However, you don’t need to create different CAA records for your subdomains. One CAA record that is set for your root domain will be applied to all of your subdomains.
The underlying information of this entry is similar to any other. However, instead of Point To, it has Content that consists of:
Sometimes, you may encounter an error when editing the DNS Zone. If you have no idea how to fix it, it is possible to revert the settings back in Hostinger’s DNS Zone Editor:
To recap once more, DNS is a system that translates domain names into its numerical IP counterparts. The information about a particular domain name is stored in DNS records, which are editable via a DNS Zone Editor.
In this article, we have learned how to use Hostinger’s DNS Zone Editor as well as the DNS types that can be modified inside it. Hopefully, this guide will be helpful the next time you need to use the feature!